Mycenaean Civilization

Mycenaean Greece

Mycenaean Civilization refers to the advanced culture of mainland Greece in the Late Bronze Age (about 1550–1100 B.C.) is known today as the Mycenaean civilization.

It is named after Mycenae, the first and most important of its sites to be thoroughly excavated, but the term “Mycenaean” extends to all representative sites and their Late Bronze Age inhabitants.

Mycenae - Historical Facts

The civilization of Mycenaean Greece seems to be a natural development from the Middle Bronze Age (about 2000–1550 B.C.), since the transition is marked only by a considerable increase in wealth, skills, and population.

The new people who arrived about 2000 B.C. were probably the ancestors of the Greeks, whose language is first recorded in the Mycenaean period.

By this time the country had become divided into petty kingdoms.

The king of Mycenae may have been an overlord, but the evidence for this depends upon the reliability of Homer.

The civilization appears to radiate from the Argolid, the area in the northeastern Peloponnesus that was dominated by Mycenae.

It was strong in southern, central, and northeastern Greece as far as Thessaly, but penetrated the northwest only weakly.

So long as the Aegean was controlled by Minoan sea power, based in Crete, the Mycenaeans were confined to the mainland.

But with the Minoan collapse in the 15th century, they took over the Minoan colonies in the Aegean islands and occupied Crete itself.

They established trading posts, if not colonies, on the Asian coast at such sites as Miletus, and simultaneously took over the Minoans’ foreign trade.

 Mask ok Agamemnon